Skip to content
Search our site  
    May 27, 2024

    Understanding the AI Treaty: A Legal Milestone

    While artificial intelligence (AI) has undoubtedly revolutionized all sectors, it has also given rise to a host of ethical, legal, and human rights issues. Recognizing the urgent need for a comprehensive regulatory framework, the Council of Europe has recently approved the first-ever international legally binding AI treaty.

    This historic treaty aims to establish global standards for AI governance, ensuring that it promotes the development and usage of AI technologies in a manner that respects human rights, democracy, and the rule of law. In this blog post, we will explore the key aspects of the AI treaty and its implications for the future of AI regulation.

    The Foundation of the AI Treaty

    The AI treaty, also known as the Framework Convention on Artificial Intelligence, is a pioneering initiative led by the Council of Europe. This treaty creates a common legal framework for AI, addressing issues such as transparency, accountability, and the protection of fundamental rights. By setting out clear guidelines and principles, the treaty aims to prevent the misuse of AI technologies and promote their responsible development and deployment.

    Extensive consultations with experts, policymakers, and stakeholders from various fields led to the development of the treaty, ensuring that it reflects a wide range of perspectives and concerns. This inclusive approach has resulted in a comprehensive and balanced document that addresses the complexities and challenges of AI regulation.


    Key Provisions of the AI Treaty

    Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

    One of the core principles of the AI treaty is the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. The treaty emphasizes the need to design and implement AI systems in a way that upholds and advances human dignity, privacy, and non-discrimination. This includes ensuring that AI technologies do not perpetuate or exacerbate existing biases and inequalities.

    Transparency and Accountability

    Transparency and accountability are crucial for building trust in AI systems. The AI treaty mandates that AI developers and users must be transparent about the capabilities, limitations, and potential impacts of their technologies. This includes providing clear and accessible information about how AI systems make decisions and the data they use. The treaty establishes mechanisms for holding individuals and organizations accountable for the consequences of their AI systems.

    Democratic Oversight and Participation

    The AI treaty recognizes the importance of democratic oversight and public participation in AI governance. It calls for the establishment of independent oversight bodies to monitor the development and use of AI technologies and ensure compliance with the treaty’s provisions. The treaty encourages public engagement and dialogue to foster a better understanding of AI and its implications for society.

    International Cooperation

    Given the global nature of AI technology, international cooperation is essential for effective regulation. The AI treaty encourages countries to work together to address cross-border issues and share best practices. This includes establishing international standards and frameworks for AI ethics and governance, as well as facilitating the exchange of knowledge and expertise.

    Implications for AI Developers and Users

    The AI treaty has significant implications for AI developers and users worldwide. By establishing clear legal standards, the treaty provides a framework for responsible AI development and use. AI developers will need to ensure that their technologies comply with the treaty’s provisions, which may require adopting new practices and methodologies.

    For AI users, the treaty offers greater transparency and accountability, helping to build trust in AI systems. Organizations that use AI technologies will need to be more diligent in assessing the ethical and legal implications of their AI applications. This includes conducting regular audits and impact assessments to identify and mitigate potential risks.

    Future Challenges and Opportunities

    While the AI treaty represents a significant milestone in AI regulation, it also presents several challenges and opportunities. One of the main challenges is ensuring effective implementation and enforcement of the treaty’s provisions. This will require robust regulatory mechanisms and adequate resources to monitor and enforce compliance.

    At the same time, the AI treaty offers an opportunity to shape the future of AI in a way that aligns with our values and principles. By promoting ethical and responsible AI development, the treaty can help to unlock the full potential of AI technologies while minimizing their risks.



    The AI treaty represents a significant milestone in the global effort to regulate artificial intelligence. By establishing a comprehensive legal framework, the treaty aims to ensure that AI technologies are developed and used in a manner that respects human rights, democracy, and the rule of law. As we move forward, it is crucial for policymakers, developers, and users to work together to implement the treaty’s provisions and promote responsible AI practices.

    We invite you to share your thoughts on the AI treaty and its implications for the future of AI regulation! Mention us or contact us to continue the discussion.

    Contact us to learn more!



    Read more about AI Trust


    Mónica Fernández Peñalver

    Mónica Fernández (born 1998), has actively been involved in projects that advocate for and advance responsible AI through research, education, and policy. Recently, she dedicated herself to exploring the ethical, legal, and social challenges of AI Fairness for the detection and mitigation of bias. She holds a Master's...

    Other posts you might be interested in